What Is Dai (DAI)? – Beginner’s Guide

What Is DAI

Dai (DAI) stands out as a unique and innovative stablecoin in the cryptocurrency universe. It aims to provide stability in the volatile world of digital assets and has gained recognition as a reliable token with a promising future. This comprehensive guide explores what Dai is, how it works, and its history. We also cover its functionality, purpose, advantages, disadvantages, use cases, and how to acquire DAI.

Dai Cryptocurrency Explained – The Short Guide

Our full guide summarized:

  • Dai is a decentralized stablecoin designed to maintain a stable value, primarily pegged to the US Dollar (USD).
  • It achieves stability through collateralization, smart contracts, and decentralized governance, adjusting supply and demand to keep its price close to $1.
  • It serves as a stable medium of exchange and store of value. Therefore, it is integral to the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem.
  • Advantages include stability, decentralization, DeFi integration, and global accessibility. However, it faces risks related to collateral and complexity.
  • Investors can use it for trading, DeFi applications, remittances, and savings. Moreover, they can acquire it on cryptocurrency exchanges, DeFi platforms, peer-to-peer, or by creating it through MakerDAO.

What Is Dai and How Does It Work?

Dai is a decentralized stablecoin built on the Ethereum blockchain. Its primary objective is to maintain a stable value at all times, akin to traditional fiat currencies like the US dollar. What sets it apart is its unique mechanism for achieving stability without relying on centralized entities or collateralization.

Unlike centralized stablecoins with ties to a reserve of fiat currency or assets, Dai operates autonomously through smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. As a result, decentralization ensures that no single entity controls its issuance or stability.

Furthermore, users can lock tokens into smart contracts called Collateralized Debt Positions (CDPs) to collateralize Dai with cryptocurrencies, particularly Ether (ETH). In case of significant price fluctuations, the collateral from these CDPs can be liquidated to maintain the coin’s value.

An elegant system of over-collateralization maintains the token’s stability. Users deposit more Ether than the value of the Dai they generate, creating a buffer against market volatility.

Moreover, the project operates with a decentralized governance system where holders of the MKR token (MakerDAO’s native token) vote on proposals to manage the Dai ecosystem. That includes adjustments to the stability fee and collateral types.

History and Purpose

The story of Dai begins with MakerDAO, a decentralized autonomous organization that Rune Christensen founded in 2015. MakerDAO introduced DAI as its native stablecoin in December 2017, marking a significant milestone in decentralized finance (DeFi).

Its primary purpose is to provide a stable and reliable medium of exchange within the cryptocurrency ecosystem. It offers an alternative to traditional stablecoins that rely on centralized reserves. Instead, it aims to create a truly decentralized and censorship-resistant digital money.


  • Decentralization: Dai operates without centralized entities, providing users full control over their funds.
  • Stability: It seeks to maintain a stable value, making it a suitable choice for those seeking a reliable store of value or medium of exchange.
  • Transparency: The blockchain-based system allows users to verify its collateralization and stability in real-time.
  • Use in DeFi: The digital coin serves as collateral, trading pairs, and a stable unit of account for various decentralized financial applications.


  • Complexity: Understanding the mechanics of Dai, including CDP management and governance, can be challenging for newcomers to the cryptocurrency space.
  • Collateral risk: Users must be aware of the risk of liquidation if the value of their collateral falls significantly.

What Is Dai Used for?

The digital asset serves a wide range of purposes within the cryptocurrency ecosystem:

  • Medium of exchange: Users can use Dai for everyday transactions, taking advantage of its stability compared to more volatile cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ether.
  • Stable savings: The platform offers a stable store of value and a safe haven against the price fluctuations common in the crypto market.
  • Collateral: In DeFi platforms, investors often use Dai as collateral to borrow other cryptocurrencies, thus enabling leverage and yield farming strategies.
  • Decentralized applications (dApps): Many decentralized applications, especially those in the DeFi space, use the token as a primary unit of account for trading, lending, and borrowing.

How to Buy DAI

Acquiring the token is a straightforward process:

  1. Create an account: Sign up for an account with a reputable exchange (like Binance, Coinbase, or Kraken) and complete any required verification steps.
  2. Deposit funds: Fund your exchange account, typically using Bitcoin, Ethereum, or another cryptocurrency.
  3. Buy Dai: After depositing your funds, place an order to buy the token.
  4. Withdraw to wallet: Transfer your coins to a private wallet you control for extra security.

For those who prefer other methods that don’t involve centralized exchanges, they can use:

  • DeFi Platforms: Users can acquire DAI through decentralized exchanges (DEXs) such as Uniswap or by participating in DeFi lending protocols.
  • Peer-to-peer (P2P): Some peer-to-peer platforms enable users to buy and sell coins directly with other individuals.
  • MakerDAO: Investors who wish to create DAI or interact with the MakerDAO ecosystem can use the Oasis Borrow and Oasis Save platforms provided by MakerDAO.

Frequently Asked Questions

Get more information about Dai.

Is Dai a cryptocurrency or a stablecoin?

How does Dai achieve stability?

What is the role of the MKR token in the Dai ecosystem?

Can I earn interest on my Dai holdings?

Is Dai available on major cryptocurrency exchanges?

Dai Definition – Last Words

Dai represents a groundbreaking achievement in the cryptocurrency space by successfully combining stability with decentralization. Its unique approach to maintaining a stable value without relying on centralized reserves has made it a vital component of the DeFi ecosystem. Furthermore, it’s a popular choice for crypto enthusiasts seeking stability in a volatile market.

Please note that cryptocurrency investments carry inherent risks. Therefore, it’s essential to conduct thorough research and seek professional advice before engaging in any financial transactions.

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